Plagiarism policy


From the point of view of the editors, plagiarism includes:

  • the unacknowledged use of any materials (including images, pictures, photographs, tables, graphs, charts and other forms of graphic representation of information) in any amount;
  • the use of images, pictures, photographs, tables, graphs, charts and any other forms of graphic representation of information published in scientific and popular publications without the consent of the copyright holder;
  • the unsanctioned use ​​of materials whose authors or copyright holders forbid the use of their materials without special permission.

The editors do not welcome an excessive number of citations, even if properly formatted. Reviews and other articles that, for objective reasons, require more citations are treated by the editors on a case-by-case basis.


Self-citation is only allowed if correct references to all sources are provided. If the author wants to publish a large chunk of material already published elsewhere, appropriate attribution and citation is necessary. In the article, the author must also explain the reason why he had to do so.

Self-citation is allowed in the following order: conference proceedings → scientific article → monograph.

Self-citation is acceptable, within reasonable limits, in the introduction (literature review), as well as in the description of research methods and obtained results.

Self-citation is not allowed in the final part of the article, containing the conclusions and discussion of the results obtained during the study.

Citation of the Author’s dissertation. If for some reason you have not published your dissertation before defending it and posting the text online, you can publish its parts as an article. Such a publication should have the structure, logic and all the attributes of a scientific article. A work overlapping for the most part with a dissertation cannot be published in co-authorship. At the end of the abstract, indicate that the article was written based on the author's dissertation (if it has already been defended, indicate the place and year of defense).

Plagiarism check

The editors check all manuscripts submitted to the Journal for plagiarism using the Antiplagiat system (

​​In case borrowings are detected, the editors assess them, taking into consideration the authorship of the borrowed text, the presence or absence of references and the type of source (a scientific article, a monograph, a dissertation, a book, a textbook, or a text found on the Internet without an explicit indication of the authorship).

Having analyzed these facts, the editors decide on whether it is possible to publish the article.

If the decision is negative, the editors notify the author about it via email, enclosing the list of unauthorized borrowings that have been detected.

Detecting the techniques used to artificially increase content uniqueness

The editors strongly discourage the use of any technical tricks allowing to increase the level of content uniqueness. The editorial staff has a sufficient technical and methodological base to detect such techniques.

We notify you that articles with the signs of technical modifications aimed at artificially increasing the uniqueness of content will not be published in the Journal (even after being revised).

Simultaneous submission and duplicate publication

Articles must not be under consideration elsewhere at the time of their submission to the Journal. If the material submitted by the author has already been fully or partially published earlier, the author is obliged to inform the editors about this and to justify the necessity of such a publication. In all such situations, the editors make decisions on a case-by-case basis. If any publication is found to fully or partially duplicate an article published in the Journal, editors reserve the right to withdraw (retract) such an article.

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